Too much exposure to the sun can cause an inflammatory reaction to the skin. Among all the types of UV rays, UVB is most responsible for sunburn. The skin becomes red and very hot to touch. Sunburn mostly causes people to lie down for hours in the hope of getting tanned. This happens due to melanin, which works by giving the color of the skin and protecting it. But the amount of melanin is produced depends on genetics. That’s why some people get tanned and some others get a sunburn.
People with less melanin can cause skin cells to become red because of unprotected sun exposure. Apart from being red, the skin also gets very painful and swollen. Sunburn can be very different from mild to extreme. After sunburn body can try to get rid of the damaged cells by peeling them off the skin. But trying to peel off the skill manually instead of naturally can cause more pain.
Sunburn not only happens due to the Sun, but It can also be caused by other artificial sources containing ultraviolet light such as sunlamps. Repeated sunburn can cause many more major skin diseases such as dark spots, rough spots, skin cancer, wrinkled skin, and melanoma, etc. Sunburn can take a few days to fade completely. But, sunburn remedies can be used to quicken the process.
Things to know about sunburn
There are certain things about the sunburn that you need to know:
The intensity of the sun and the UV ray varies due to many factors such as time of the day, geographic location, and seasons, etc. The faster burning of the skin is due to the higher range of the UV index. Be very careful of the UV rays mostly when the sun is stronger. However, even when the sun is low, the risk of UV rays is still there. Protecting yourself from the sun every day of the year can get you sunburn relief.
Light pink is bad
The main color of the sunburn is red. However, if the color gets light pink, it is still considered to be a sign of sunburn. Every mild sign of sunburn is very important to be taken care of with sunburn remedies. As they can cause much major skin damage such as cancer or premature aging.
Sunburn has a direct connection with the complexion of a person. Some of the skin types are prone to have sunburn more than usual. People with a fair complexion have the greatest risk of developing sunburn. But that does not mean that people with wheatish or dusky complexion are spared; they can also get tanned due to greater exposure to the Sun and lead to sunburn.
Sunburn increases the risk of cancer for every person. People with dark skins cannot determine the redness and ignore it, which is very dangerous as it can lead to cancer. Cellular level damage can be caused by the sun.
A Sunray varies from time to time and different seasons. In cloudy weather, Sun might not be shining, but UV rays can still harm your skin badly as the UV rays can penetrate the cloud 80 percent of the time. Using sunburn remedies can prevent sunburn.
Symptoms of Sunburn
Sunburn can cause many damages to the body; often people ignore the basic symptoms causing the pain and swelling to increase even it can cause major skin damage including cancer. Dark-skinned people might not notice the skin getting red causing major damages. Symptoms are very useful to detect as early as possible to apply sunburn remedies, which can prevent pain and swelling. An individual with sunburn can have many symptoms at a time, so it is better to be aware of these given symptoms:
- Fluid-filled blisters on all around the area of sunburn damage. These blisters can crack-open, causing pain and swelling
- Swelling throughout the area damaged by sunburn
- Skin gets too hot to touch or warm feeling
- The skin turns red or pink
- Pain, itching, and tenderness in the area
- Extreme sunburn can cause nausea, fatigue, fever, and headache.
Along with these other parts of the body that is exposed to the sun can also burn, such as lips, scalp, ear lobes, even the eyes if not covered. Sunburn in the eye can be very painful as the eye is very sensitive to the UV rays. Covered parts of the body can also be sunburned if the cloth is thick or have a gap that can make the UV ray to get through. Sunburn remedies can be used to get relief from the pain of affected areas.
You can experience the effect of being sun-burnt either instantly or after a few days. The top layer of your skin will start peeling off like a healing procedure. The new skin that appears after the peeling tends to be severely sensitive and may appear different than your original complexion. The healing and repair of the affected skin solely depend on the severity of the sunburn.
Risks of a Sunburn
The risks of developing sunburn depend on many factors. People with different skins have different risk of developing sunburn. Fair skin people tend to have an increased chance of getting sunburn. The intensity of the sun can play a major part in developing sunburn. There are many factors such as time of the day, season, weather and geographical location, which lead to the burning of the skin. However, on a cloudy day, the risk of sunburn can be there because UV rays can penetrate the cloud 80% of the time. The risk of developing sunburn into major diseases increases if you don’t know how to treat sunburn.
Risks of having a sunburn
Here are some reasons which can increase the risk of developing sunburn:
- People who are related to outdoor sports or work outside have an increased chance of developing sunburn. Playing or working outside means getting out in the sun for long, which can get a sunburn. Even repeated sunburn can be caused to the people who need to do work or play in the sun again after recovering from the last sunburn.
- Damage of the skin can build up under the skin from the 1st Severe sunburn means the damage of sunburn is increasing. The damage can lead to skin cancer, which can be very deadly.
- Melanoma is a very deadly disease. The chance of melanoma can increase with even one sunburn blistering in childhood. The chances of developing melanoma increases with the damage of sunburn.
- People with fair skin or genetic predisposition have an increased risk of developing sunburn. UV rays can alter a tumor-suppressing gene. It can cause a small chance of cells to repair before developing cancer. The chance of melanoma also increases with sunburn damage.
- People who have faced more than 5 sunburns have also doubled the increased chance of developing cancer. Using sunburn remedies can prevent the sunburn repeat.
- Photo-sensitizing medications are also known for causing sunburn. Taking these medicines can make you more likely to burn.
- Drinking alcohol under the sun at high altitudes increases the chance of developing the sunburn.
Complications of Sunburn
Sunburn can make your skin damaged, and repeated sunburn can cause many major problems. Some of the major risk factors from the sunburn include cancer and photoaging.
Repeated sunburn causes damage to the skin severely, which may cause the skin to age faster, making you look older than your actual age. The abnormality of skin aging because of the damage from sunburn is called photo-aging. Photo-aging can cause Deep wrinkles, rough and dry skin, freckles in shoulders and face. Apart from this, it can cause the tissue of the skin to get weak, reducing the strength and elasticity of the skin.
Precancerous skin lesions
Areas that are damaged by the sun tend to have white, tan, brown and pink scaly and rough patches, which are also known as precancerous skin lesions. Among the damaged parts of the body by sunburn face, neck, hands, and head are the common spot for this condition to appear. These patches are also called Actinic keratoses and solar keratoses, which can also evolve in cancer.
One of the most fatal and major diseases that can be caused by sunburn is skin cancer. Skin cancer is known to be very deadly and life-threatening. The DNA of the skin cells can get damaged by it. Sunburns in childhood increase the chance of developing melanoma.
Home Remedies to Soothe Sunburn
Sunburn doesn’t stay for many days, but the pain and swelling from the sunburn in a short period can be very uncomfortable. If you want to soothe the pain or cool down the hotness of the skin, you can use many home remedies. Some of the common home remedies are:
Honey is very common in every household. It is mainly used for eating alongside food. But you can also use honey in case of sunburn. Honey has many beneficial properties that can be used for reducing infection and pain. It also helps to speed up the process of healing. Researchers claim that using honey instead of antibiotic creams can be very beneficial. Do not use honey on the burn of babies younger than 12 years as it can develop infant botulism.
Milk is known very well for its unique beneficial characteristics. Use cool milk, on the area of burn with a piece of cotton. It can reduce the pain and heat, along with discomfort.
Oatmeal can work as an anti-inflammatory agent. Colloidal oatmeal is very common in every drug store, and it can be mixed with water to get rid of the inflammation. But it can also be made in house with the help of a blender.
When it comes to anything related to skin, the first thing that comes to our mind is aloe vera. Every skin product from face wash to whitening skin uses aloe vera. You can easily get comfort from pain, discomfort and speed up the healing with the inner gel of cactus. You can apply the gel directly from the leaf itself, or you can also but gel from drug stores.
You can use witch hazel as an anti-inflammatory. You can use leaf and bark extract along with the water of witch haze on the skin directly to get relief from the pain and swelling. Also, you can apply the cream 20 minutes three to four times a day to get the best results.
Moisturizing the skin
Using gentle moisturizing lotion can cool the burn and reduce the swelling and pain. But some ointments can make the burn worse and may trap the heat. Repeating the process can reduce the burn and help the skin to peel in its course of time.
Cornstarch and baking soda
If you want to get relief from redness and also want to speed up the process, you can use baking soda or cornstarch. Do not apply any of this directly to the skin, mix them with water before using.
Cool it down
The feeling of warm and hotness in touch can be felt after sunburn. To cool down the sunburn pain, you can jump in the cold pool for just a few seconds. Continue to compress the effect of burn by applying ice or taking a shower, but not for too long as the pain can be prolonged. Also, while taking a bath, make sure not to use soaps with chemicals and harsh soap, which can increase the irritation. Home remedies of sunburn can also be used to cool the burndown.
Sunburn can happen from exposure to the sun for too long. Also, sunburn can cause many major diseases, such as cancer. It is very important to use treat the burn to reduce the pain when any of the above mention symptoms are there.