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Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

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Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes is a long term disease that affects the work process of insulin. Due to the malfunction of the insulin, your body may suffer from several health issues. It mainly hits glucose, metabolism, making you rigorously sick.

People above 40 mainly develop the risk of catching the disease. It can either block the insulin production or restrict its work. Consequently, it disrupts the normalcy of glucose level in your blood. It can also hold the regulation of insulin.

Though it is most commonly found in adults, today, a lot of children are diagnosed with the type of diabetes. Thus, the moment you perceive the type 2 diabetes symptoms, make sure to start its medication immediately. Children who suffer from heavyweight or obesity are more likely to get the risk of the following disease.

Being the most common type of diabetes, it beats about 29 million residents of the United States.

Types of diabetes

Apart from type 2 diabetes, there are two more classifications- type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Unlike type 2, type 1 can occur in all ages of people. But, mainly, the children and the teens acquire the signs of the disease. The type 1 diabetes symptoms are somewhat similar to the type 2.  On the other hand, gestational diabetes occurs only in pregnant women. If any women have marginal diabetes, the likelihood of its increase during the conception expands.

Symptoms of diabetes

The very first thing to do after getting the type 2 diabetes symptoms is to consult a specialist. Wrong treatment or lack of treatment can lead you to severe heart or kidney diseases. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes remain so mild in the first place that diagnosing it becomes hard. However, the most noticed symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Extreme weight loss
  • The tendency of getting several diseases and infections
  • Feeling thirsty more often
  • Frequent urination
  • Wounds taking utmost time to heal
  • Feeling more appetite
  • Yeast infection is several parts of the body
  • Getting dark spots and rashes in the armpits and neck
  • fatigue and feeling exhaust
  • Unclear vision

These are a few common symptoms in the initial stages of the disease.

Reasons for developing the type 2 diabetes

As you read above, the most common reason for type 2 diabetes is the disturbance in insulin function.  Generally, in the matter of a healthy person, the insulin that the pancreas produces generates glucose in the body cells from your food consumption. But, due to some certain health problems, your cells can not use the insulin which your pancreas originates.

Before learning about type 2 diabetes symptoms, you must know how the disease starts in your body.  When your body cells fail to regulate the insulin, your pancreas starts producing more insulin for sending the glucose in your cells. Unfortunately, it malfunctions again, resulting in the formation of glucose in your blood. It is the basic reason behind type 2 diabetes. Keeping it aside, other reasons that develop the disease are:

1. Heavyweight or obese

If you have fats stored in your body, it may resist the insulin from performing its regular task. This happens especially when you have fats in the abdomen portion of your body. Heavyweight or obese encourages the disease to builds its source in your body.  For example, a man with a 40-inch waist and a woman with 35 inches or more may tend to get the type 2 diabetes symptoms.

2. Age factor

It is another crucial aspect that allows the disease to disturb your health. Though these days, the teens and the children are also affected by this disease, the chances increase with the older people. The most common disease that triggers the older people is type 2 diabetes. The reason behind it is their physical inactivity. With the growth of age, people stop their physical exercise and lose their muscle strength. A major number of old people develop a huge bodyweight.

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3. Pre-diabetes

If you have already suffered from other types of diabetes and you cannot diagnose it previously, you are in the risk zone of developing the discussed disease.

4. Metabolic syndrome

People who already have some metabolic issues such as high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excessive fat in the middle part of their body can get the extra issue of insulin resistance. Thus, they catch the type 23 diabetes easily.

5. Excessive glucose formation in your liver

In a few cases, your liver does not follow its regular job. Usually, the food you consume raises the sugar level. A healthy liver must stable the situation by storing some glucose for the future. Rarely, it fails to do its job, which results in type 2 diabetes.

6. Lack of communications between cells

In some conditions, your cells cannot catch the correct message and share incorrect signals. It affects the systematic process of insulin generation, which can cause this life-threatening disease.

7. Inheriting the disease

Research shows that type 2 diabetes is a genetic disease. So, if any of your family members have this, there is a huge possibility of you having type 2 diabetes symptoms.

Complications of the disease

As the early type, 2 diabetes symptoms are hard to understand, it receives poor treatment. Due to ignorance in the treatment, the complications of this disease start showing their signs and presence. Move your eyes in some following complications of the type 2 diabetes-

1. Kidney damage

Damage of the kidney is the deadliest complication that can turn from type 2 diabetes. In a few conditions, the patient’s kidneys get damage. They need to take the dialysis or transplantation of the organ to incarae4se their life span.

Heart problems: Heart is another common organ that the disease targets. Lack of proper treatment intensifies the possibilities of stroke, heart failure. It may also create disturbance in the blood vessels by narrowing them.

2. Damage in nerve

Severe complications of the disease include the damage in the nervous system. The extreme sugar level in the blood increases the numbness, tingling sensation, or pain in the nerves. You can feel all these signs at the points of your finger and the toes. If the feelings progress, you can lose the feelings or senses in the affected areas of the hand and limbs.

3. Lost in vision

If you take the type 2 diabetes symptoms lightly, you may get the serious condition of the disease. You may even lose your vision due to its complications. Diabetes targets the eyes and can cause diseases like glaucoma, cataracts, etc. These diseases harm the blood vessels in the retina and eventually damage them, making the patient blind.

4. Alzheimer’s disease

Long term improper treatment of type 2 diabetes can cause Alzheimer’s disease.  The reason for developing this disease due to diabetes is not clear. But, the more the level of sugar increases in your blood, the higher the risk of this disease rises.

5. Sleep apnea

Type 2 diabetes can cause a disease of sleep apnea. One more factor that enhances the risk of the disease may be overweight or obesity. When you take medications for treating the sleep apnea, your blood pleasure slows down. As a result, you feel more weakness and weariness.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes

When you are getting the type 2 diabetes symptoms, consult your physician to prescribe your necessary medicines. Also, ask him to prepare a diet chart to control blood sugar and body weight.  Some common drugs that treat dangerous disease are

1. Metformin

At the initial stages of type 2 diabetes, the doctors generally suggest taking the metformin. Lowering the production of glucose from the liver is the primary task of the drug. It also helps your body to cooperate with insulin so that it can work efficiently.

The only drawbacks of the medicine are diarrhea and the feeling of nausea. But, once your body gets accustomed to the drug, you no longer will get the side effects. If the medicine alone cannot control your condition, you may need several other medicines and injections to treat it.

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2. Meglitinides

Your physician will prescribe this medication when your pancreas needs to produce more insulin than usual. Drugs like nateglinide, repaglinide, etc. help to make the task faster. But, due to its fast working process, you may put on a few kilograms.

3. Sulfonylureas

Another drug that the doctors may advise you to consume after diagnosing the type 2 diabetes symptoms is glimepiride, glyburide, glipizide, etc.  These medications enable your blood to secrete more insulin.

4. Thiazolidinediones

Similar to the metformin, these drugs make your body catch signals from insulin more conveniently. Though there is n a risk of developing anemia and other heart diseases, the doctors generally avoid suggesting this medicine. Owing to the downsides, they suggest it only in an emergency.

5. SGL2 inhibitors

When your kidney starts absorbing sugar from your blood, doctors prescribe these following medicines. It obstructs the kidney from absorbing the blood and allows the sugar to excrete out of your body through urination.

Moreover, this medicine helps to treat few complications regarding the disease. It cuts the risks of stroke and heart attack.

6. DPP-4 inhibitors

It is the safest medicine to treat the disease as it does not make you gain massive weight like other diabetes drugs. Drugs like linagliptin, sitagliptin, saxagliptin, etc. lower the sugar level in your blood. As the only drawback, it can give you minor joint pains.

7. Insulin

If you are in the critical stage of type 2 diabetes, you are more likely to undergo insulin therapy. Oral consumption of insulin may give you indigestion. Thus, doctors prescribe to take injections of insulin shots.  Insulin shots come in several types, and the physicians advise you on a specific type depending on your condition.

Different ways to prevent the disease

The best way to reduce the risk of the disease is to understand the factors that cause the disease. After that, design a new schedule and lead your life according to it. A healthy diet and active physic can fight with the disease better. Here are a few simple tips that can help you prevent its deadly effects-

1. Control your body weight

If you have e an excessive body weight in comparison with your height and body type, then you must think about the matter. Having extra fat in the thighs, belly, and abdomen areas drag you in the risk zone. Thus, maintain your body weight by reducing the calorie intake or by yoga.

2. Regular exercise

The common problem that causes the disease is physical stiffness. If you cannot exercise daily, at least do it for two to three times a week. Exercising regularly enables you to fight with type 2 and other types of diabetes.

3. Lower the alcohol consumption

Extreme alcohol consumption increases the level of triglycerides and sugar in your blood. It also makes you put on fats, which higher the risk of getting both type 2 and type 1 diabetes symptoms. Thus, you must cut off the excessive intake of alcohol. In general, both men and women should have a maximum of 1 to 2 drinks per day. Crossing it may show severe indications in your health.

4. Eat a balanced diet

Food consumption controls a lot of different aspects that cause diabetes. For instance, maintaining a healthy diet controls your blood sugar, cholesterol, triglycerides, and even blood pressure. When you can solve all these factors, there is no chance of suffering from type 2 diabetes.

5. Start treatment in the initial stage

This is not prevention, but if you start taking early treatments, you can beat the complications. The moment you feel the type 2 diabetes symptoms, go for a checkup and take medicines properly according to the instructions.

Though you can not completely get rid of the disease once you catch it, you can keep the normalcy. If you take every possible step to control the blood sugar level, you can stay healthy and safe.

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