Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also referred to as prostate gland enlargement — is still a common condition as men grow older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, like blocking the flow of urine from their bladder. It can also trigger bladder, urinary kidney or liver issues.
There are numerous effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive treatments and operation. To select the most suitable choice, you and your doctor will consider your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you may possibly have and your preferences.
The severity of symptoms in people that have prostate gland augmentation varies, but symptoms often aggravate as time passes. Frequent signs and symptoms of BPH include:
- Frequent or urgent need to urinate
- Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
- Difficulty starting urination
- Weak urine flow or a stream that stops and begins
- Dribbling at the end of Illness
- Inability to completely drain the bladder
How big one’s prostate does not necessarily determine the seriousness of your symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates could have symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates could have just minor urinary symptoms.
In many men, symptoms finally stabilize and might even improve overtime.
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Other possible causes of urinary symptoms
Conditions which Can Result in symptoms similar to those due to enlarged prostate include:
- Bronchial tract disease
- Infection of the prostate (prostatitis)
- Narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture)
- Scarring from the bladder neck as a result of previous surgery
- kidney or pancreatic stones
- Difficulties with nerves which control the bladder
- Cancer of the bladder or prostate
- When to see a doctor
If you are having urinary issues, share them with your health care provider. Even in the event you never find urinary symptoms bothersome, then it’s vital that you identify or eliminate some inherent causes. Untreated, prostate problems may result in obstruction of the urinary tract.
If you should be unable to pass any urine, seek immediate medical care.
Assessing standard and enlarged prostate glands. The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder. The tube that transports urine from the bladder out of your penis (urethra) passes through the centre of the gut ). After the prostate enlarges, it starts to block the urine stream.
Most men have lasted prostate growth throughout life. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to cause prostate symptoms or to significantly block urine flow.
It’s not entirely clear what can cause the prostate to enlarge. However, it might be caused by fluctuations in the total amount of sexual hormones because men get old.
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- Ageing: Prostate gland enlargement rarely causes signs and symptoms of men younger than age 40. About one-third of men experience mild to severe symptoms by age 60, and about half do that by age 80.
- Genealogy: With a blood relative, like a father or a brother, with prostate cancer issues means you are more likely to suffer from issues.
- Diabetes and heart disease: Studies show that diabetes, in addition to heart disease and utilization of beta blockers, may increase the chance of BPH.
- Life Style: Obesity increases the risk of BPH, whilst exercise can decrease your risk.
Risks of an enlarged prostate can include:
- You may need to have a tube (catheter) inserted into your bladder to drain the urine. Some men having an enlarged prostate need surgery to relieve prostate cancer.
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs). Inability to completely empty the bladder could increase the probability of illness on your urinary tract. Should UTIs occur usually, you may require surgery to get rid of the section of their prostate.
- Bladder stones. These are generally caused by an inability to completely drain the bladder. Bladder stones could cause infection, bladder irritation, blood in the urine and obstruction of urine leak.
- Bladder harm. A bladder that hasn’t emptied completely can stretch and weaken overtime. Consequently, the muscle of the bladder no longer contracts correctly, which makes it tougher to fully empty your bladder.
- Kidney harm. The pressure in the bladder from urinary retention can directly hurt the kidneys or allow bladder ailments to accomplish the kidneys.
- Most men who have an enlarged prostate do not develop these complications. Yet, acute urinary retention and kidney damage can be serious health risks.
With an enlarged prostate is not considered to increase your chance of developing prostate cancer.